Salt water shrimp collecting.

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Salt water shrimp collecting.

Post  liquidg on 14th December 2013, 11:23 pm

How to collect banded coral shrimp
These prefer waters that are of constant salinity with low to no wave movement and temps from 16c up, best between 20c to 26c.

In the early constant good salinity parts of the estuaries to around a kilometre in, they are in quite good numbers, especially in areas with a sizeable back up of water expanse, like a lake or similar to defuse heavy rains, they can be found in a half a metre at the lowest tide down to over a hundred feet as well.
As you get closer to the bar of the estuaries where the swell is more concentrated, they are found in deeper waters due to mainly the disturbance of the swells energy.
They are heavily dispersing juveniles successfully in SEQ from early September as the waters warm, there survival rate is a little later as you head south and more constant breeding as you head north.

The new season ones start to become large enough to see from late September and the juveniles continue to survive the temps up till April and slow down to a near stand still by June.
In the open ocean they are in shallowest waters of low amounts of predators on the non wave side of reefs, some times near sea urchins for protection.

They tend to prefer depths of 50 feet and deeper in open waters due to wave movement and a lack of hiding spots due to the waves and current leaving areas smooth and an absence of secure spots to hide in.

Females are regularly found alone due to males protecting them aggressively when she is egg laden and a female will not protect a male when he has shed leaving a soft shell while she is egg laden.
Thatís why you find a large female some times with a small male, the male of the clown fish go down defending the females as well and a new small male takes the female as his partner.
If partners remain alive they are always more or less the same size as each other in most aquarium species.

If you move slowly, these shrimp can be caught with out a net by coaxing them gently into a container, never rush the catching of these or they may drop their nippers or go deeper into the hiding spot.
Slide your gloved hand carefully behind them or the net handle and slowly get them to come out and into the container.
This can take just seconds, its that easy.
If you only want one, please look at them and take the one with out the green colour in its carapace (top half),thatís the females ovaries you can see.

A new male will take her on quick smart, if you leave a male he may try to take another maleís partner and a fight will break out and predators sense this and more than one may die than.
If you move a rock to get one, put it back so there will be more there later on for some one else to catch, or make habitats as you go, they will attract new ones to them when in season.
A habitat for him or her has a safe size high in and a smaller size out, a rock sat on two, one under each end and stable is good.

How to collect Leandrites Cyrtorhynchus/cleaner shrimp.
They are in all none swell affected areas with temps of 18c to 26c though can live in hotter and much colder waters that keep good salinity and semi to clear waters, but most common in around 8 to 20 feet of water, but i see them as deep as 34 metres down at times.
They live on sand "always" to hide their appearance, that means that the rocks they are between or under, are on sand and low to zero surge reefs and estuaries have them at the greatest numbers.
The rocks do not have to be on the bottom as in the sand, sand on rocks under rocks with a gap for them to live, does them nicely.
If the area you are in seems to have little of the most predominant predators to these like cardinal fish, lion fish, gobies, soap fish and so, then keep watch they are very hard to sea as they blend in with the sand they live over.
Get a cheap dive torch to see them.
When you see them, do not hurry to catch them, usually they will come to you and are not afraid unless you move quickly.
Just reach in with a glove on over them gently, there may be an eel back there, and from behind coach them out slowly into a container or plastic bag or a washing stocking bag, you do not need nets, plus the mesh size to catch these is illegal anyway.
They do not have a long life span and much of your tank life inverts like crustaceans will want to kill them, they live just two to three years max, but if you treat them right with the same set up as red lines, they breed like flies.


How to collect peppermint shrimp
First up you need to understand these are small animal eating shrimp.
These shrimp breed more so in waters above 18c in large numbers, so in winter the numbers are down a little.
They live in no swell, muddy waters and rarely in clear water with the exception of the no swell side of islands and in the non swell zone and stable salinity zone of estuaries.
These shrimps will not normally show them selves at all, unless their hiding spot is under threat and this means they live under dead coral or rocks only!
They may show during the day due to pollutants, freshwater or rotting algae removing available oxygen.

On hot summer days when algae is abundant, the algae around rocks may start to rot once it is in the sun and the water is getting very warm, than the still water may turn very acidic and make oxygen unavailable to them, forcing them to rise and lay on the algae around the rock for you to just pick up and put in the bucket, this does happen, but quite rarely.
These shrimp are never found in the open.

When heading to the bay side, ďin this caseĒ, you look for them at the low tide mark of 0.30 but either side of this mark from 0.35 down to 0.25 will find you heaps of them to choose your few!
The pools above the 0.30 tide mark depending on time of year and conditions, the temps of the day affect the water temps, so too cold in winter not good, to hot in summer and they die.
Below 0.25 and they are in open water for to long and predators get them when night falls and they move around.
Where the low tide has gone out as much as it can and is roughly 0.30, at the waters edge you look for large rocks of ten inches across and larger or old dead coral with a slight amount of water under it to near no water under it, you turn the rock or dead coral over and some will be still attached to that rock or just under it in that tiny bit of water.
Grab the one or more off the rock first by their feelers, and then grab the ones rushing around in the shallows with no where to go in such a small amount of water.

If you arrive at the waters edge and itís a tide of above 0.38 and the winds are not strong enough from the south-west-east that will help push water out of the bay to make the low tide smaller to as low a tide of 0.31, then head home, you will not do well and no nets with the fine mesh needed at this type of tide is allowed for recreational use.
Large swell seas in the open ocean will raise the low tide level in bays as well.

If you arrive at the water and the tide is well below 0.30, then try to work out where the levels of 0.25 to 0.35 would be, then start turning over rocks between those levels.

You will see from time to time the commercial collectors ripping those rocks over at a fast pace and scooping with large fine mesh nets taking 400 to thousands each day, this is how it is in Queensland!
So your few means absolutely nothing at all!!

A long time ago I made the mistake of telling a few new commercial guy or two of this and that didnít help the numbers left consistently for recreational guys to look through, you live and learn.
Okay now you know where and how, now for the main things to adhere to, do not try to sell these or you make it hard for others later on and make this your utmost priority as you go along, put the rock or dead coral back!!!!!!!!!!!!where it was or there is no home for others to breed at and provide more peps for other collectors over all.
No fine mesh nets under 25 mill hole stretched is allowed to be used in any salt water in Q and only five peps per 28 days, if in a marine park!

This is the type of rocks or dead coral for peps that you turn over, there are many types!
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Peps on rocks remaining attached when rocks are turned over.
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